Posted on June 14, 2013 of escudrojo
What sense does an FTA between the U.S. and the EU?
FTA for a third of world trade?
As expected, with the announcement of a free trade agreement FTA between the United States (U.S.) and European Union (EU), consumer associations and workers on both sides of the Atlantic are analyzing the advantages and disadvantages that a treaty of this nature would bring to the working population.
Exercise that people living in Latin America have made as a result of tariff liberalization policy which neoliberal governments undertook over the past decade. And that, in the case of Costa Rica, has the resounding result of having to take a national referendum.
The concerns of European and U.S. consumers are no different to those raised in Latin America and now, in the midst of an economic crisis of major proportions, we see every day come true.
In a dispatch from the Deutsche Welle quoted Ed Mierwinski U.S. President of the Trans Atlantic Consumer Dialogue (TACD) stating: “They talk about something called regulatory convergence synonymous of saying that we want to take stronger public protections and prevent countries or trading partners of the United States or EU, to enact stronger laws in the future.”
And the secretary general of the European Trade Union Confederation(ETUC) Bernadette Ségol was even more clear and specific when expressed concern about the regulatory harmonization speaking, this is just a euphemism that “hidden an agenda of deregulation of labor laws, environmental and consumer standards. ”
The office of the Deutsche Welle continues: Spokesmen for civil society fear that the negotiations will be a race to the bottom, that new regulatory rules converge on the lowest common denominator rather than the highest standards and best practices both for the European Union to the United States.
Location Investor-State dispute
One of the most controversial and of greatest concern to these representatives of civil society (which together represent more than 80 million members in nearly 40 countries and about 140 European green groups), is the way that the legal system of European national societies are inhibited and powers transferred to court or arbitration proceedings, external to the EU and U.S.
Ségol says, confederation it represents believed that these arbitrations are increasingly used to challenge the policy space of governments; “are undermining democracy and lead to environmental protection and workers diminished. There is no justification for us to give multinational companies privileged access to international arbitration. “
Brief concluding remarks
Other circumstances surrounding such as the secret negotiations that take place, lobby groups supported and unsupported, the adjoining rooms, etc.., are very well known practices in Latin America. And that led to agreements disproportionate to the actual conditions of production and consumers structures in economically weaker countries that have signed the agreement. As reported in Costa Rica in 2007 and have been doing other countries in the region, these treaties are unbalanced because they are based on the existence of two unequal economic structures, one with a disproportionately lower capital accumulation and one with a disproportionately higher.
In the case of the treaty between the EU and the USA this disproportion is not the issue, but rather, the prejudice that capital concentration and centralization on multinational companies can produce in consumers and workers, and their effects on the formal and informal structures of power, to the grave detriment of democratic representation structures.
The way they are carrying out these trade agreements, the privileged, and the disenfranchised social groups, the economic policy, the theoretical assumptions that support, designed a global, economic, social and political replica, of contemporary capitalist bourgeois societies. The fundamental flaw in this view is that capitalism as a system of organization of production and social distribution is structurally incapable of achieving this goal. But this is a discussion that has come up in other entries in this blog.